The result of these talks was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. They had eight meetings that lasted a total of 24 hours. Gandhiji was impressed by Irwin`s sincerity and agreed on behalf of the Indian National Congress to stop the civil disobedience movement. The Congress agreed to participate in the second round table to create constitutional reforms. Some of the other conditions were that the British would withdraw all orders restricting the activities of the Indian National Congress. They also agreed to withdraw proceedings related to several crimes, with the exception of those involving violence and the release of prisoners arrested for their participation in the civil disobedience movement. It was also agreed that the British would abolish the salt tax, which allowed Indians to produce, trade and sell salt legally and for their own use. Gandhi`s motives for making a pact with Lord Irwin, the viceroy, are better understood in terms of technique. Satyagraha movements have been commonly described as « struggles, » « rebellions, » and « wars without violence. » However, due to the common connotation of these words, they seemed to place a disproportionate emphasis on the negative aspect of the movements, namely opposition and conflict. Satyagraha`s goal, however, was not to achieve the physical elimination or moral collapse of an adversary – but to initiate a psychological process through the suffering of his hands that could allow the mind and heart to meet.
In such a struggle, a compromise with an adversary was neither heresy nor betrayal, but a natural and necessary step. If it turned out that the compromise was premature and the adversary had no remorse, nothing prevented the Satyagrahi from returning to a non-violent struggle. The Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed on March 5, 1931 between Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin, then Viceroy of India. Gandhiji was authorized by then-Congress President Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel to negotiate with Lord Irwin. Gandhiji said he would attend the conference in the true spirit of a Satyagrahi. He advised the nation to wait, observe, pray and hope for a better prospect for India. He was full of admiration for the people, their heroic struggle and their harsh suffering. Although many were unhappy that Gandhiji stopped his movement, especially when the people were in a good mood, he had a different perspective. .