2. Obligations under Union industrial security law shall apply to the United Kingdom in cases where the tendering, award or grant award procedure for the classified contract, subcontract or classified grant agreement has been initiated before the end of the transition period. Exchange of letters of 18 January and 14 March 1977 concerning Article 36 (3) of Regulation (EEC) No 1408/71 (scheme for the reimbursement or waiving of reimbursement of the costs of benefits in kind provided for in Chapter 1 of Title III of Regulation (EEC) No 1408/71), as amended by the exchange of letters of 4 May and 23 July 1982 (Agreement on the reimbursement of the payments referred to in Article 22 (1) (a) of Regulation (EEC) No. 1408/71) CONFIRMING that the arrangements applicable to relations between the Union and the Sovereign Control Areas following the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union should continue to be established in the context of the accession of the Republic of Cyprus to the Union, the British Minister for Justice described the Bill as an « insurance policy » or « break the glass in an emergency ». The Justice Minister said the UK government would only invoke the powers in the bill if the EU and the UK failed to reach an agreement and the EU acted « inappropriately ».16 So it`s unclear what might prompt the UK to use the powers conferred by the bill. It is also unclear how the safeguards provided for in Article 16 of the Protocol might apply, as they provide for unilateral action by the United Kingdom or the EU if the application of the Protocol « results in serious economic, social or environmental difficulties that may persist or a diversion of trade ».17 1. The United Kingdom shall ensure that its withdrawal from the Union does not entail any reduction in rights, guarantees or equal opportunities under the part of the 1998 Convention entitled `Rights, Guarantees and Equal Opportunities`, including in the area of protection against discrimination as enshrined in the provisions of Union law listed in Annex 1 to this Protocol; and implements this paragraph through special mechanisms. (*1) The Union shall inform the other parties to those agreements that the United Kingdom is treated as a Member State for the purposes of those agreements during the transitional period. Finally, the political framework declaration expresses the intention (not legally binding) to replace the backstop with an agreement guaranteeing the absence of a hard border on the island of Ireland.
In so far as the Withdrawal Agreement refers to Union law, it must be interpreted in accordance with the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. RECOGNISING FURTHER that, in order for the United Kingdom to withdraw from the Union in an orderly manner, it is also necessary to lay down, in a separate Protocol to this Agreement, the special arrangements applicable to Gibraltar, in particular during the transitional period, international agreements to which the Union is a party and international agreements concluded by the Member States on behalf of the Union, Specific obligations under international agreements 8. Any subsequent agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom shall specify which parts of this Protocol it replaces. As soon as a subsequent Agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom becomes applicable after the entry into force of the Withdrawal Agreement, this Protocol shall not apply or cease to apply from the date of application of this subsequent Agreement and in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement which specify the effect of this Agreement on this Protocol; as the case may be, in whole or in part. .