In addition to the typical scope of bilateral air services agreements, the EU-US Air Services Agreement has created a modern legal framework to promote safe, affordable, cost-effective and competitive air transport. This strong cooperation framework enables the EU and the US to meet new challenges in the areas of security, security, environment and climate, competition policy and business. The AIR Services Agreement between the EU and the US also guarantees recognition of the EU name (equal access to all EU air carriers) and thus provides legal certainty to the transatlantic market, given the requirements of the European Court of Justice rulings on open skies. In November 2018, the UK reached an individual « Open Sky » agreement with the US, which will succeed the EU agreement after Brexit.  Open skies agreements have significantly increased international passenger and cargo flights to and from the United States, encouraging more travel and trade, increasing productivity and stimulating opportunities for quality employment and economic growth. Open skies agreements do this by eliminating state intervention in airline business decisions about routes, capacity and prices, and by enabling airlines to provide consumers with more affordable, convenient and efficient services. In recent years, a number of new entrants have entered the market, which have adapted the model of low-cost airlines on the short-haul transatlantic route. Ryanair originally announced in 2007 that it would launch a new airline (RyanAtlantic) that would operate long-haul flights between Europe and the United States, but this project was cancelled. In 2014, however, Norwegian Air Shuttle announced that it would launch low-cost flights to the United States from the Republic of Ireland and then to the United Kingdom, thanks in part to new large and narrow-body aircraft with increased fuel efficiency and autonomy.
 Its Irish and then British subsidiaries sought US authorization to operate these lines, which led to opposition in the United States.   Finally, after the European Commission declared that it would initiate arbitration proceedings under the agreement, the United States granted Norwegian subsidiaries the right to fly to the United States.   Other long-haul low-cost airlines such as LEVEL, Primera Air and Wow Air are now on the market, but the latter two have ceased operations. The « open skies » agreement between the EU and the United States is an agreement on air services between the European Union (EU) and the United States. The agreement allows any Airline of the European Union and any airline of the United States to fly between every point of the European Union and any point of the United States. EU and US airlines are allowed to travel to another country after their first stop (fifth freedom). Since the EU is not considered a single zone within the meaning of the agreement, this in practice means that US airlines can fly between two points in the EU as long as this flight is the continuation of a flight that started in the US (. B for example, New York – London – Berlin).
EU airlines can also fly between the US and third countries that are part of the common European airspace, such as Switzerland.